Enamel hypoplasia white spots on teeth

White Spots On Teeth – Causes & How to Get Rid of Them

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White Stains On Teeth Guide

Noticing white spots on your teeth can cause you to become worried. These white spots on teeth are typically caused by enamel decalcification – a kind of acute discoloration. No matter how frightening it sounds, these white spots will appear on the teeth of many people. Being more of a cosmetic dental issue, read along to find out what we know about white spots on teeth in different situations and the possible treatment options.

What Causes White Spots on Teeth? 

Just about anyone can experience white marks on teeth. These spots are usually attributed to decalcification, otherwise referred to as demineralization. What happens, in this case, is that very vital minerals such as phosphorus and calcium start to leave your teeth’s structure due to bacterial acids. When decalcification takes place, the enamel starts to dissolve due to bacterial activity, causing you to develop these chalky white spots.

White spots on teeth also caused by other factors which include the following:

  • Dental fluorosis

The overconsumption of fluoride during your growing stages can cause you to develop white marks on teeth. The condition is harmless and is mostly experienced as soon as your teeth break out from your gums.

  • Enamel hypoplasia

You are likely to experience white spots on teeth if your enamel has a wrong formation. Similar to fluorosis, this condition is experienced during your growing years while you’re still developing teeth. But enamel hypoplasia increases tooth decay risk. 

  • Enamel Decalcification

You may also develop white stains on the teeth due to other factors like inadequate oral hygiene. This can leave chalky white spots on the teeth. This happens often on people with braces who do not brush properly around the brackets. Eating lots of sugary/acidic foods can cause the condition, as well.

White spots on teeth after whitening

Teeth whitening is known to be effective and harmless but there is a slight risk of experiencing white stains on teeth soon after. While these white stains on teeth after whitening are not a result of teeth whitening, the white spots may have already been present but became more visible due to the process.

This situation could result from enamel decalcification, implying that your tooth enamel is losing calcium. The loss of calcium can result in discoloration. Most times, hypocalcification results from –

  • The removal of orthodontic brackets and bands
  • High-sugar or highly acidic diets
  • Excess plaque
  • Overexposure to fluoride.

It is not always easy to eliminate these white spots since teeth whitening could cause the affected section to take on an even whiter look. 

If these whitish spots were already on your teeth before bleaching, they will look whiter for some days after the procedure. But you will see the contrast between your teeth and these spots reducing with time until you stop noticing them.

If you happen to see any fresh white spots on your teeth during the bleaching procedure, you should know that you already had these spots before bleaching. These spots will continue to become even more obvious with the lightening of your teeth. But you shouldn’t panic because the spots will soon fade once your entire teeth become lighter. 

Immediately after you conclude a teeth bleaching procedure, you might instantly see some whitish spots. Again, do not panic but know that they were there on the tooth before the procedure. You didn’t notice them this much because you had darker teeth. With the lightning of your teeth, these white areas will first lighten before the other areas follow suit. A couple of days or weeks is enough for you not to notice the white spots anymore.

Treatment:

Different treatment possibilities exist for white stains on teeth. Your dentist will first have to diagnose the underlying cause before prescribing a suitable treatment. The condition of your teeth will also influence the type of treatment. Here are some ways that these enamel hypoplasia stains can be treated –

  • Enamel microabrasion 

White spots can be treated using a microabrasion in some cases. This involves the removal of some amount of enamel. Your dentist will do this to reduce the visibility of the spots. Most times, teeth bleaching comes immediately after enamel microabrasion to help create uniformity in the color of your teeth.

  • Teeth whitening/bleaching 

This procedure also helps to reduce any stains on the teeth such as white spots. You can get different teeth whitening products over-the-counter. Some of these OTC products include paste and strips, plus you’ll also find online vendors offering these products. We recommend that you first consult your dentist if you are contemplating using teeth whitening to get rid of your white spots. Professional teeth whitening involves the use of stronger bleaching agents that have a higher chance of success. To see the affordable at home whitening strips I recommend check out this article on BURST Whitening Strips Review.

  • Dental veneers

These are thin coverings attached to a patient’s teeth to help hide the white spots, as well as any other blemishes. You can only get dental veneers from the dentist, implying that these coverings can only be fitted professionally.

  • Composite resin

This is another treatment option for patients battling enamel hypoplasia. Composite resin could be used by the dentist to fill in cavities. It also helps to enhance outer enamel bonding but this method may not be the best if you have lots of white spots on teeth.

  • Topical fluoride

According to a study , fluoride can be significantly effective at controlling enamel decalcifcation or hypoplasia. If you’ve got enamel hypoplasia, topical fluoride could be applied to your teeth by your dentist. You can also use a good fluoride mouthwash to at home daily to help remineralize these spots. This could help to trigger enamel development and help remineralize the teeth in that area while keeping your teeth free of decay.

In Conclusion

Getting into a state of frenzy if you notice white spots on teeth won’t do you any good. You do not have to panic and you can explore some treatment options for cosmetic purposes.

Get in touch with your dentist for a comprehensive examination and medical interventions. From teeth whitening to the use of veneers, the dentist will know how to get your teeth back to their best condition.

Kelly Hancock, RDH

This article and all advice on this website, Toothbrush Life, is intended to help people gain knowledge about general oral health topics. No articles or advice on this website are intended to replace professional advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your dentist or qualified healthcare provider to help you with any questions you have regarding a medical condition or treatment.

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